Navigating the Japanese Train System


Traveling through Japan is amazing. Navigating the Japanese train system? Also epic — assuming you can figure it out!

Japan has some of the best train systems in the world and are a life-saver if you’re trying to see Japan on a budget. For a first time visitor, however, it can be overwhelming.

Here are some helpful tips on navigating the Japanese train system, and things I wish I had known!

How to navigate the Japanese train system.

How to Buy Your Train Ticket in Japan

The Japan train system works via a distance system – you pay for the distance that you travel. When you look at the boards usually found above the ticket machines, the price you need to pay is indicated in the various bubbles.

The ticket machines usually have an English translation option, but don’t worry if they don’t, you just need to buy the ticket with the right price on it, regardless of destination. If you start putting money into the machine, the various options should light up for you to pick, which is easier than trying to find that right destination option before you put the money in.

If you’re unsure, there are ticket windows and info counters you can purchase your tickets at, or head to the gates which have officers nearby who can assist in case you can’t figure it out. At the bigger stations there’s also usually an official hanging around there who’s ready to help the confused tourists, like I was when I first tried to figure out how to get my ticket.

If you’re really sure of your traveling in the time that you are there, consider looking into getting a day pass or a 2/3 day pass instead. Train tickets in Japan are not the cheapest and were one of my major expenditures on this last trip. It might actually be cheaper to get a day pass, so do your homework if you can and you could save a little bit!

Navigating the japanese train system and how to take the train in Japan.

How to Tell Where Your Train is Headed

Even if you don’t read a lick of Japanese, all the stations, lines and exits in the subway are numbered so it’s quite easy to identify your stop or exit. Quite often you’ll get English translations along with the Japanese name which helps things. If you have some ability to read mandarin characters like I do, that helps immensely as well in identifying places.

The Japanese train system has lots of private lines that will get you to the same place as the national Japan Railway (JR) lines; some in Osaka that I came across include the Nankai line, Kintetsu line, the Hankyu line, the Hanshin line… phew!

In the big cities like Kyoto and Osaka, the different lines are quite often linked up in one huge train station, but in the smaller cities, the stations may be some distance apart, and which line you take depends on where in the city you might want to go. For example in Nara, the Nara Kintetsu line is nearer to Todaiji Temple than the JR line.

Also, remember to factor in extra traveling time to get from station to station – my journeys just always ended up being longer than expected because there was a lot of walking involved.

Taking the train in Japan and how to navigate the Japanese train system.

Women-Only Trains in Japan

Japan is pretty well known for having to pack people into trains during rush hours – to protect women from the perverts, there are ‘women only’ carriages so if you have to be packed like a sardine into one of those things, at least you won’t be uncomfortably squished up against a random dude.

Food and Drink on the Trains in Japan

Food and drink are allowed in the train and I’m glad to note that their trains have always been impeccably clean and litter free.

Prepare for different temperatures

Some train cabins are warmer than others. Look out for the sign that says 弱冷, that means “less cold” when translated literally.

Be on Time!

The trains in Japan are notoriously efficient, so be at your platform on time! On that note, there are usually lots of trains leaving from the same platform at various timings, so don’t take the wrong train.

Depending on where you are going, there are different types of trains headed along the same route – what differs usually is the number of stops they stop at, which then affects how long it might take you to get to your final destination.

If you’re traveling between big cities, like from Osaka to Kyoto, always opt for the fastest train Express train if you can – it costs the same and gets you there the quickest. For example, Osaka to Kyoto takes just 28 mins by Special Rapid Service by stopping at only 2 stops, while the Local Service takes 47 mins and stops at 14 stops.

If you’re headed to a small city though, do check if the express train stops at your stop as they usually bypass the small stops!

Note that sometimes there are Limited-Express trains – Limited here refers to the number of seats available on the train as you are assigned fix seating, so this also costs a bit more than your free-seating Express trains.

Have you ever braved the Japanese Train System?


About Author

Jaclynn Seah is an Occasional Traveller from sunny Singapore who really hopes to become a more frequent traveller someday. But for now, she has a little blog and shop over at The Occasional Traveller where she hopes to inspire and remind others like herself to take some time off and just... escape!


  1. Japan has one of the best train systems in the world! It also has one of the politest societies, so it’s especially shocking that they have a problem with groping on the trains. It’s such a problem, in fact, that they have created women-only cars and post signs warning men against the crime. Just something to be aware of!

    • yup I saw those too – posted some additional pix on my blog ( which you can check out! The Japanese do have a rather strange society, simultaneously awesome and freaky… i’ve never experienced getting humanly packed into a train though, phew!

  2. Pingback: Navigating the Japanese Train System [Go! Girl Guides Article] | The Occasional Traveller

  3. This is incredibly helpful! I’m heading there in October and I got a 7-day Japan rail pass but I was still nervous about finding signs in English and getting around. This article made me feel so much better! Thanks!

    • Thanks Muriel, Japan is an awesome place, and the great thing is most of them are quite happy to help you out if you get lost, even if they don’t speak English… happy travels!

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